Finite-element-model Updating Using Computional Intelligence Techniques [electronic resource] : Applications to Structural Dynamics / by Tshilidzi Marwala.Material type: TextLanguage: English Publisher: London : Springer London, 2010Description: XVI, 247p. 18 illus., 2 illus. in color. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781849963237Subject(s): Engineering | Computer simulation | Computer science | Mechanical engineering | Civil engineering | Engineering | Computational Intelligence | Structural Mechanics | Computational Science and Engineering | Simulation and Modeling | Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics | Civil EngineeringAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 006.3 LOC classification: Q342Online resources: Click here to access online
to Finite-element-model Updating -- Finite-element-model Updating Using Nelder–Mead Simplex and Newton Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno Methods -- Finite-element-model Updating Using Genetic Algorithm -- Finite-element-model Updating Using Particle-swarm Optimization -- Finite-element-model Updating Using Simulated Annealing -- Finite-element-model Updating Using the Response-surface Method -- Finite-element-model Updating Using a Hybrid Optimization Method -- Finite-element-model Updating Using a Multi-criteria Method -- Finite-element-model Updating Using Artificial Neural Networks -- Finite-element-model Updating Using a Bayesian Approach -- Finite-element-model Updating Applied in Damage Detection -- Conclusions and Emerging State-of-the-art.
Finite element models (FEMs) are widely used to understand the dynamic behaviour of various systems. FEM updating allows FEMs to be tuned better to reflect measured data and may be conducted using two different statistical frameworks: the maximum likelihood approach and Bayesian approaches. Finite Element Model Updating Using Computational Intelligence Techniques applies both strategies to the field of structural mechanics, an area vital for aerospace, civil and mechanical engineering. Vibration data is used for the updating process. Following an introduction a number of computational intelligence techniques to facilitate the updating process are proposed; they include: • multi-layer perceptron neural networks for real-time FEM updating; • particle swarm and genetic-algorithm-based optimization methods to accommodate the demands of global versus local optimization models; • simulated annealing to put the methodologies into a sound statistical basis; and • response surface methods and expectation maximization algorithms to demonstrate how FEM updating can be performed in a cost-effective manner; and to help manage computational complexity. Based on these methods, the most appropriate updated FEM is selected using the Bayesian approach, a problem that traditional FEM updating has not addressed. This is found to incorporate engineering judgment into finite elements systematically through the formulations of prior distributions. Throughout the text, case studies, specifically designed to demonstrate the special principles are included. These serve to test the viability of the new approaches in FEM updating. Finite Element Model Updating Using Computational Intelligence Techniques analyses the state of the art in FEM updating critically and based on these findings, identifies new research directions, making it of interest to researchers in strucural dynamics and practising engineers using FEMs. Graduate students of mechanical, aerospace and civil engineering will also find the text instructive.