Novel Techniques for Dialectal Arabic Speech Recognition [electronic resource] / by Mohamed Elmahdy, Rainer Gruhn, Wolfgang Minker.Material type: TextLanguage: English Publisher: Boston, MA : Springer US, 2012Description: XXII, 110 p. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781461419068Subject(s): Engineering | Translators (Computer programs) | Arabic languages | Computational linguistics | Telecommunication | Engineering | Signal, Image and Speech Processing | Language Translation and Linguistics | Communications Engineering, Networks | Arabic | Computational LinguisticsAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 621.382 LOC classification: TK5102.9TA1637-1638TK7882.S65Online resources: Click here to access online
Fundamentals -- Speech Corpora -- Phonemic Acoustic Modeling -- Graphemic Acoustic Modeling -- Phonetic Transcription Using the Arabic Chat Alphabet.
Novel Techniques for Dialectal Arabic Speech describes approaches to improve automatic speech recognition for dialectal Arabic. Since speech resources for dialectal Arabic speech recognition are very sparse, the authors describe how existing Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) speech data can be applied to dialectal Arabic speech recognition, while assuming that MSA is always a second language for all Arabic speakers. In this book, Egyptian Colloquial Arabic (ECA) has been chosen as a typical Arabic dialect. ECA is the first ranked Arabic dialect in terms of number of speakers, and a high quality ECA speech corpus with accurate phonetic transcription has been collected. MSA acoustic models were trained using news broadcast speech. In order to cross-lingually use MSA in dialectal Arabic speech recognition, the authors have normalized the phoneme sets for MSA and ECA. After this normalization, they have applied state-of-the-art acoustic model adaptation techniques like Maximum Likelihood Linear Regression (MLLR) and Maximum A-Posteriori (MAP) to adapt existing phonemic MSA acoustic models with a small amount of dialectal ECA speech data. Speech recognition results indicate a significant increase in recognition accuracy compared to a baseline model trained with only ECA data.