Progress in Scale Modeling [electronic resource] : Summary of the First International Symposium on Scale Modeling (ISSM I in 1988) and Selected Papers from Subsequent Symposia (ISSM II in 1997 through ISSM V in 2006) / edited by Kozo Saito.Material type: TextLanguage: English Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2008Description: online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781402086823Subject(s): Engineering | Mechanical engineering | Civil engineering | Environmental sciences | Engineering | Mechanical Engineering | Engineering, general | Civil Engineering | Power Engineering | Environment, generalAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 621 LOC classification: TJ1-1570Online resources: Click here to access online
Fire & Explosion -- A Reduced Scale-Modeling Study on Wind and Smoke Interaction at a Refuge Floor in a High-Rise Building -- Flame Spread over Polymer-Insulated Wire in Sub-Atmospheric Pressure: Similarity to Microgravity Phenomena -- Mechanistic Aspects of the Scaling of Fires and Explosions -- Modeling and Scaling Laws for Large Fires -- Modeling of Gas Explosion Phenomena -- Period for Spontaneous Ignition of a Refuse Derived Fuel Pile -- Pressure Scaling of Fire Dynamics -- Scale Effects on Flame Structure in Medium-Size Pool Fires -- Scale Model Reconstruction of Fire in an Atrium -- Scale Modeling of Quasi-Steady Wood Crib Fires in Enclosures -- Scale Modeling of Puffing Frequencies in Pool Fires Related with Froude Number -- Scaling Sub-Surface Layer Circulation Induced by Pulsating Flame Spread over Liquid Fuels -- Combustion -- Microgravity Droplet Combustion: An Inverse Scale Modeling Problem -- Modeling of Combustion Phenomena -- Molecular Diffusion Time and Mass Consumption Rate in Flames -- Nitric-Oxide Emissions Scaling of Buoyancy-Dominated Oxygen-Enriched Methane Turbulent-Jet Diffusion Flames -- Numerical Simulations of Methane Diffusion Flame with Burner Rotation -- Numerical Study of the Effect of Model Scaling on Mixing and Flame Development in a Wake Flow Field -- Scale Model Flames for Determining the Heat Release Rate from Burning Polymers -- Scale Modeling of Magnetocombustion Phenomena -- Scaling Analysis of Diffusion Flame Attachment and Liftoff -- Scaling of Gas-Jet Flame Lengths in Elevated Gravity -- Some Partial Scaling Considerations in Microgravity Combustion Problems -- Structure of Micro (Millimeter Size) Diffusion Flames -- Materials Processing, Manufacturing and Environment -- Backdraft Experiments in a Small Compartment -- Development of a New Paint Over-Spray Eliminator -- Flow Visualization of Waste-Heat Boiler Using 1/20 Scale Model and Numerical Simulation -- Scale Modeling for Landing of a Lunar Probe -- Scale Modeling of Steel Making Processes -- Scaling Laws for Sedimentation Process in Water Flow-Driven Sedimentation Tanks -- Scaling of Molten Metal Brazing Phenomena: Prolegomena for Model Formulation -- Sound Insulation Analysis of a Resin Composite Material Using the Homogenization Method -- Toys and Scale Models -- Medical – Conceptual, Practical, Translational into Practice -- Characteristic Timescales for Adherent Mammalian Cells -- Developing Scaling Parameters for Estimating Carbon Monoxide Levels in Structure Fires -- Monocyte Lung Retention During Normal Conditions (Health) and During Disease States (Endotoxemia): A Medical Application of Scale Modeling -- Lipolysaccharide-Induced Monocyte Retention in the Lung -- Scale Modeling of Medical Molecular Systems -- Scaling Human Bone Properties with PMMA to Optimize Drilling Conditions During Dental Implant Surgery.
This book is a selection of seminal papers given at the past International Symposia on Scale Modeling (ISSM). The International Scale Modeling Committee consisting of active worldwide researchers in scale modeling celebrates its twentieth anniversary in 2008. The Committee is interdisciplinary, attracting researchers from a broad range of scientific and engineering disciplines. Scale modeling is a simplifying and clarifying tool used by scientists and engineers in many disciplines to help them grasp essential or salient aspects of bewilderingly complex systems, mechanisms and phenomena -- to see the forest when there are many trees. Scale modeling techniques are also used when it would be too expensive or too difficult to test the system of interest. In addition, scale modeling is an approach that offers engineers and designers a new point of view, liberating creative and innovative ideas and solutions. Scale modeling is employed to study weather systems, diffusion of pollution in air or water, chemical process in 3-D turbulent flow, multiphase combustion, flame propagation, biological systems, behavior of materials at nano- and micro- scales and so on. Scale modeling would be even more widely used if more new material was readily available. The objective in publishing these papers in one place is to remedy the lack of available material on scale modeling and to make a book that will be useful in university courses (both graduate and undergraduate), and in industry short courses.