Ho, Clifford K.

Gas Transport in Porous Media [electronic resource] / edited by Clifford K. Ho, Stephen W. Webb. - Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2006. - VIII, 446 p. online resource. - Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media ; 20 . - Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media ; 20 .

Processes and Models -- Gas Transport Mechanisms -- Vapor Transport Processes -- Solid/Gas Partitioning -- Two-Phase Gas Transport -- Conservation Equations -- Gas-Phase Dispersion in Porous Media -- Gas Injection and Fingering in Porous Media -- Unstable and Fingering Gas Flow in Fractures -- Natural Convection Gas Transport in Porous Media -- Scaling Issues in Porous and Fractured Media -- Numerical Codes for Continuum Modeling of Gas Transport in Porous Media -- Lattice Boltzmann Method for Calculating Fluid Flow and Dispersion in Porous and Fractured Media -- Measurement and Monitoring -- Experimental Determination of Transport Parameters -- Air Permeability Measurements in Porous Media -- Analyzing Barometric Pumping to Characterize Subsurface Permeability -- Subsurface Flow Measurements -- Measurement of Vapor Concentrations -- In situ Measurement of Induced Contaminant Flux -- Applications -- Radon Transport -- Gas Transport Issues in Landmine Detection -- Environmental Remediation of Volatile Organic Compounds -- Yucca Mountain Heater Tests -- Impact of Gas Generation on the Performance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant -- Oil and Gas Industry Applications of Gas Flow in Porous Media -- Geologic Carbon Sequestration: CO2 Transport in Depleted Gas Reservoirs -- Industrial Gas Transport Processes Involving Heat Transfer.

This book presents a compilation of state-of-the art studies on gas and vapor transport processes in porous and fractured media. A broad set of models and processes is presented, including advection/diffusion, the Dusty Gas Model, enhanced vapor diffusion, phase change, coupled processes, solid/vapor sorption, and vapor-pressure lowering. Numerous applications are also presented that illustrate these processes and models in current problems facing the scientific community. This book fills a gap in the general area of transport in porous and fractured media - an area that has historically been dominated by studies of liquid-phase flow and transport. This book identifies gas and vapor transport processes that may be important or dominant in various applications, and it exploits recent advances in computational modeling and experimental methods to present studies that distinguish the relative importance of various mechanisms of transport in complex media. Audience: This book offers essential reading to researchers and graduate students in soil science, hydrology, as well as civil engineering, and mechanical engineering. Also employees at government institutions, national laboratories, practicing environmental engineers and engineering consultants can find valuable information in this book. Finally it can serve as a textbook to students with a basic background in thermodynamics and fluid mechanics.


10.1007/1-4020-3962-X doi

Engineering Thermodynamics, Transport Phenomena.
Applied Geosciences.

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