Parallel Computing in Science and Engineering [electronic resource] : 4th International DFVLR Seminar on Foundations of Engineering Sciences Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany, June 25/26, 1987 / edited by Rüdiger Dierstein, Dieter Müller-Wichards, Hans-Martin Wacker.Material type: TextLanguage: English Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science: 295Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1988Description: VIII, 188 p. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783540388487Subject(s): Computer science | Mathematical physics | Physics | Computer Science | Programming Techniques | Systems and Information Theory in Engineering | Mathematical Methods in Physics | Numerical and Computational MethodsAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 005.11 LOC classification: QA76.6-76.66Online resources: Click here to access online
to the seminar -- Classification and evaluation of parallel computer systems -- Shared memory, vectors, message passing, and scalability -- Communication techniques in parallel processing -- Two fundamental issues in multiprocessing -- Parallel programming support in ParaScope -- Automatic restructuring of Fortran programs for parallel execution -- Locating parallel numerical tasks in the solution of viscous fluid flow -- On the multigrid acceleration approach in computational fluid dynamics -- An algebraic approach to performance analysis.
It was the aim of the conference to present issues in parallel computing to a community of potential engineering/scientific users. An overview of the state-of-the-art in several important research areas is given by leading scientists in their field. The classification question is taken up at various points, ranging from parametric characterizations, communication structure, and memory distribution to control and execution schemes. Central issues in multiprocessing hardware and operation, such as scalability, techniques of overcoming memory latency and synchronization overhead, as well as fault tolerance of communication networks are discussed. The problem of designing and debugging parallel programs in a user-friendly environment is addressed and a number of program transformations for enhancing vectorization and parallelization in a variety of program situations are described. Two different algorithmic techniques for the solution of certain classes of partial differential equations are discussed. The properties of domain-decomposition algorithms and their mapping onto a CRAY-XMP-type architecture are investigated and an overview is given of the merit of various approaches to exploiting the acceleration potential of multigrid methods. Finally, an abstract performance modeling technique for the behavior of applications on parallel and vector architectures is described.