Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reasoning [electronic resource] : International Workshop, PPSWR 2003, Mumbai, India, December 8, 2003. Proceedings / edited by François Bry, Nicola Henze, Jan Małuszyński.

By: Bry, François [editor.]Contributor(s): Henze, Nicola [editor.] | Małuszyński, Jan [editor.] | SpringerLink (Online service)Material type: TextTextLanguage: English Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science: 2901Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2003Description: X, 214 p. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783540245728Subject(s): Computer science | Software engineering | Information storage and retrieval systems | Information systems | Artificial intelligence | Computer Science | Information Systems Applications (incl.Internet) | Software Engineering | Mathematical Logic and Formal Languages | Information Storage and Retrieval | Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics)Additional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 005.7 LOC classification: QA76.76.A65Online resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
Foundations of Semantic Web Reasoning -- Composing Frameworks and Components for Families of Semantic Web Applications -- Semantic Web Logic Programming Tools -- Web Rules Need Two Kinds of Negation -- Reasoning in Practice -- Towards the Adaptive Semantic Web -- On Reasoning on Time and Location on the Web -- Reasoning about Communicating Agents in the Semantic Web -- Query and Rule-Languages -- A Visual Language for Web Querying and Reasoning -- XML Document Adaptation Queries (XDAQ): An Approach to Adaptation Reasoning Using Web Query Languages -- On Types for XML Query Language Xcerpt -- Integrating Description Logics and Answer Set Programming -- Semantics and Knowledge Representation -- Extracting Mathematical Semantics from Documents -- Reasoning in Attempto Controlled English -- Systematics and Architecture for a Resource Representing Knowledge about Named Entities.
In: Springer eBooksSummary: The Semantic Web is a major endeavor aimed at enriching the existing Web withmetadataandprocessingmethodssoastoprovideWeb-basedsystemswith advanced(so-calledintelligent)capabilities,inparticularwithcontext-awareness and decision support. The advanced capabilities striven for in most Semantic Web application s- narios primarily call for reasoning. Reasoning capabilities are o?ered by exi- ing Semantic Web languages, such as BPEL4WS, BPML, ConsVISor, DAML-S, JTP, TRIPLE, and others. These languages, however, were developed mostly from functionality-centered (e.g., ontology reasoning or access validation) or application-centered (e.g., Web service retrieval and composition) perspectives. A perspective centered on the reasoning techniques (e.g., forward or backward chaining, tableau-like methods, constraint reasoning, etc.) complementing the above-mentioned activities appears desirable for Semantic Web systems and - plications. The workshop on “Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reas- ing,” which took place on December 8, 2003, in Mumbai, India, was the ?rst of a series of scienti?c meetings devoted to such a perspective. JustasthecurrentWebisinherentlyheterogeneousindataformatsanddata semantics, the Semantic Web will be inherently heterogeneous in its reasoning forms.Indeed,anysingleformof reasoningturnsouttobeirrealin theSemantic Web. For example, ontology reasoning in general relies on monotonic negation (for the metadata often can be fully speci?ed), while databases, Web databases, and Web-based information systems call for non-monotonic reasoning (for one would not specify non-existing trains in a railway timetable); constraint reas- ing is needed when dealing with time (for time intervals have to be dealt with), while(forwardand/orbackward)chainingisthereasoningofchoicewhencoping with database-like views (for views, i.e., virtual data, can be derived from actual data using operations such as join and projections).
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Foundations of Semantic Web Reasoning -- Composing Frameworks and Components for Families of Semantic Web Applications -- Semantic Web Logic Programming Tools -- Web Rules Need Two Kinds of Negation -- Reasoning in Practice -- Towards the Adaptive Semantic Web -- On Reasoning on Time and Location on the Web -- Reasoning about Communicating Agents in the Semantic Web -- Query and Rule-Languages -- A Visual Language for Web Querying and Reasoning -- XML Document Adaptation Queries (XDAQ): An Approach to Adaptation Reasoning Using Web Query Languages -- On Types for XML Query Language Xcerpt -- Integrating Description Logics and Answer Set Programming -- Semantics and Knowledge Representation -- Extracting Mathematical Semantics from Documents -- Reasoning in Attempto Controlled English -- Systematics and Architecture for a Resource Representing Knowledge about Named Entities.

The Semantic Web is a major endeavor aimed at enriching the existing Web withmetadataandprocessingmethodssoastoprovideWeb-basedsystemswith advanced(so-calledintelligent)capabilities,inparticularwithcontext-awareness and decision support. The advanced capabilities striven for in most Semantic Web application s- narios primarily call for reasoning. Reasoning capabilities are o?ered by exi- ing Semantic Web languages, such as BPEL4WS, BPML, ConsVISor, DAML-S, JTP, TRIPLE, and others. These languages, however, were developed mostly from functionality-centered (e.g., ontology reasoning or access validation) or application-centered (e.g., Web service retrieval and composition) perspectives. A perspective centered on the reasoning techniques (e.g., forward or backward chaining, tableau-like methods, constraint reasoning, etc.) complementing the above-mentioned activities appears desirable for Semantic Web systems and - plications. The workshop on “Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reas- ing,” which took place on December 8, 2003, in Mumbai, India, was the ?rst of a series of scienti?c meetings devoted to such a perspective. JustasthecurrentWebisinherentlyheterogeneousindataformatsanddata semantics, the Semantic Web will be inherently heterogeneous in its reasoning forms.Indeed,anysingleformof reasoningturnsouttobeirrealin theSemantic Web. For example, ontology reasoning in general relies on monotonic negation (for the metadata often can be fully speci?ed), while databases, Web databases, and Web-based information systems call for non-monotonic reasoning (for one would not specify non-existing trains in a railway timetable); constraint reas- ing is needed when dealing with time (for time intervals have to be dealt with), while(forwardand/orbackward)chainingisthereasoningofchoicewhencoping with database-like views (for views, i.e., virtual data, can be derived from actual data using operations such as join and projections).

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