The Unknown Technology in Homer [electronic resource] / by S. A. Paipetis.Material type: TextLanguage: English Series: History of Mechanism and Machine Science: 9Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2010Description: X, 210p. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9789048125142Subject(s): Science -- History | Materials | Materials Science | Materials Science, general | Structural Materials | History of ScienceAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 620.11 LOC classification: TA401-492Online resources: Click here to access online
Homer and the Homeric Epics -- Troy and the Mythological Causes of the War -- Achilles and the M?nis -- The Siege and Fall of Troy -- Odysseus’ Long Way Home -- Trojan War and Cultural Tradition -- Scientific Knowledge in the Homeric Epics -- On Science and Technology -- Principles of Natural Science -- Chariot Racing and the Laws of Curvilinear Motion -- Creep in Wood -- Hydrodynamics of Vortices and the Gravitational Sling -- Automation and Artificial Intelligence -- The Forge of Hephaestus -- The Robots of Hephaestus -- The Ships of the Phaeacians and the UAVs -- Defensive Weapons in the Epics -- Structural Materials and Analytical Processes -- The Shield of Achilles -- The Shield of Ajax -- More Defensive Weapons -- Further Issues -- The Trojan Horse -- Mycenaean Building -- The Miraculous Homeric Meter.
The astonishing accounts of almost modern technological achievements found in the Homeric Epics constitute one of the so-called Homeric Issues. The question is whether such achievements existed in reality or whether they were just poetic conceptions. Both views have their followers and adversaries. For example, robots, either in human form, as the golden girls serving Hephaestus, or in animal form, as the gold and silver mastiffs of King Alcinous, or even the intelligent, self-propelled ships of the Phaeacins, could hardly have existed in an era for which no evidence or even hints of prime movers exist. Even so, such references prove that the Mycenaean people were well aware of the importance of such devices, and this certainly acts as a catalyst for technological progress. On the othe hand, besides the unparallelled building ability of the Mycenaeans, as is the case with the Cyclopean Walls, technology specialists may locate examples of structures so advanced, that they can be considered modern with regard to materials, design and manufacture. Still, these can be well within the possibilities of the era. In fact, one can reasonably state, that, if the Mycenaean Civilisation had not collapsed, the world history of technology would be totally different. From the contents of the present book, a general conclusion can be drawn. The Homeric Epics include scientific and technological knowledge so vast and so diverse that it must be studied by specialists from as many disciplines as possible and also that this search must continue along with progressing science in our time, which will allow for increasingly deeper understanding of the great achievements of Greek Prehistory.