History of Virtual Work Laws [electronic resource] : A History of Mechanics Prospective / by Danilo Capecchi.Material type: TextLanguage: English Series: Science Networks. Historical Studies: 42Publisher: Milano : Springer Milan : Imprint: Springer, 2012Description: XII, 492 p. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9788847020566Subject(s): Engineering | Science -- History | Mechanical engineering | Engineering | Mechanical Engineering | Mathematical Physics | History of ScienceAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 621 LOC classification: TJ1-1570Online resources: Click here to access online
Logic status of virtual work laws -- Greek origins -- Arabic and Latin science of weights -- Italian Renaissance statics -- Torricelli’s principle -- European statics during the XVI and XVII centuries -- The principle of virtual velocities -- The Jesuit school of the XVIII century -- Lagrange’s contribution -- Lazare Carnot’s mechanics of collision -- The debate in Italy -- The debate at the Ecole polytechnique -- Poinsot’s criticism -- The treatises of mechanics -- Virtual work laws and continuum mechanics -- Thermodynamical approach.
The book presents a history of classical mechanics by focusing on issues of equilibrium. The historical point of view adopted here restricts attention to cases where the effectiveness of forces is assessed on the basis of the virtual motion of their points of application. For completeness, hints of the alternative approach are also referred, the Archimedean for ancient mechanics and the Newtonian for modern mechanics. The laws resulting from consideration of virtual motions are named laws of virtual work. The modern formulations of the principle of virtual work are only a particular form of them. The book begins with the first documented formulations of laws of virtual work in the IV century BC in Greece and proceeds to the end of the XIX century AD in Europe. A significant space is devoted to Arabic and Latin mechanics of Middle Ages. With the Renaissance it began to appear slightly different wordings of the laws, which were often proposed as unique principles of statics. The process reached its apex with Bernoulli and Lagrange in the XVIII century. The book ends with some chapters dealing with the discussions that took place in the French school on the role of the Lagrangian version of the law of virtual work and its applications to continuum mechanics.