Bones and cartilage [electronic resource] : developmental and evolutionary skeletal biology / Brian K. Hall.

By: Hall, Brian Keith, 1941-Material type: TextTextPublisher: San Diego, Calif. ; London : Elsevier Academic Press, c2005Description: 1 online resource (xxviii, 760 p.) : illISBN: 9780123190604; 0123190606; 0080454151 (electronic bk.); 9780080454153 (electronic bk.)Subject(s): Bone | Bones -- Physiology | Bones -- Growth | Bone and Bones -- physiology | Bone Development -- physiology | Cartilage -- embryology | Musculoskeletal Development -- physiology | Osteogenesis | Os | Os -- Croissance | Os -- Physiologie | SOCIAL SCIENCE -- Anthropology -- Physical | Bot (anatomie) | Kraakbeen | Skeletvorming | Evolutionaire biologieGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Bones and cartilage.DDC classification: 573.76 LOC classification: QM569 | .B27 2005ebOnline resources: ScienceDirect
Contents:
Types of skeletal tissues -- Bone -- Cartilage -- Invertebrate cartilages -- Intermediate tissues -- An evolutionary perspective -- Horns and ossicones -- Antlers -- Tendons and sesamoids -- Embryonic stem cells -- Stem cells in adults -- Osteo- and chondroprogenitor cells -- Dedifferentiation provides progenitor cells for jaws and long bones -- Dedifferentiation and urodele amphibian limb regeneration -- Cells to make and cells to break -- Skeletal origins : somitic mesoderm -- Skeletal origins : neural crest -- Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions -- The membranous skeleton : condensations -- From condensation to differentiation -- Skulls, eyes and ears : condensations and tissue interactions -- Chondrocyte diversity -- Cartilage diversity -- Osteoblast and osteocyte diversity -- Bone diversity -- Maintaining differentiated chondrocytes -- Maintenance awry : achondroplasia -- Restarting mammalian articular chondrocytes -- Repair of fractures and regeneration of growth plates -- Initiating skeletal growth -- Form, polarity and long-bone growth -- Long bone growth : a case of crying Wolff? -- The temporomandibular joint and synchondroses -- Sutures and craniosynostosis -- The limb field and the AER -- Adding or deleting an AER -- AERs in limbed and limbless tetrapods -- Axes and polarity -- Patterning limbs and limb skeletons -- Before limbs there were fins -- Vertebral chondrogenesis : spontaneous or not? -- The search for the magic bullet -- Tail buds, tails and tail-lessness -- Evolutionary experimentation revisited.
Summary: Bones and Cartilage provides the most in-depth review ever assembled on the topic. It examines the function, development and evolution of bone and cartilage as tissues, organs and skeletal systems. It describes how bone and cartilage is developed in embryos and are maintained in adults, how bone reappears when we break a leg, or even regenerates when a newt grows a new limb, or a lizard a tail. This book also looks at the molecules and cells that make bones and cartilages and how they differ in various parts of the body and across species. It answers such questions as Is bone always bone? Do bones that develop indirectly by replacing other tissues, such as marrow, tendons or ligaments, differ from one another? Is fish bone the same as human bone? Can sharks even make bone? and many more. * Complete coverage of every aspect of bone and cartilage * Full of interesting and unusual facts * The only book available that integrates development and evolution of the skeleton * Treats all levels from molecular to clinical, embryos to evolution * Written in a lively, accessible style * Extensively illustrated and referenced * Integrates analysis of differentiation, growth and patterning * Covers all the vertebrates as well as invertebrate cartilages * Identifies the stem cells in embryos and adults that can make skeletal tissues.
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Includes bibliographical references (p. [559]-736) and index.

Types of skeletal tissues -- Bone -- Cartilage -- Invertebrate cartilages -- Intermediate tissues -- An evolutionary perspective -- Horns and ossicones -- Antlers -- Tendons and sesamoids -- Embryonic stem cells -- Stem cells in adults -- Osteo- and chondroprogenitor cells -- Dedifferentiation provides progenitor cells for jaws and long bones -- Dedifferentiation and urodele amphibian limb regeneration -- Cells to make and cells to break -- Skeletal origins : somitic mesoderm -- Skeletal origins : neural crest -- Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions -- The membranous skeleton : condensations -- From condensation to differentiation -- Skulls, eyes and ears : condensations and tissue interactions -- Chondrocyte diversity -- Cartilage diversity -- Osteoblast and osteocyte diversity -- Bone diversity -- Maintaining differentiated chondrocytes -- Maintenance awry : achondroplasia -- Restarting mammalian articular chondrocytes -- Repair of fractures and regeneration of growth plates -- Initiating skeletal growth -- Form, polarity and long-bone growth -- Long bone growth : a case of crying Wolff? -- The temporomandibular joint and synchondroses -- Sutures and craniosynostosis -- The limb field and the AER -- Adding or deleting an AER -- AERs in limbed and limbless tetrapods -- Axes and polarity -- Patterning limbs and limb skeletons -- Before limbs there were fins -- Vertebral chondrogenesis : spontaneous or not? -- The search for the magic bullet -- Tail buds, tails and tail-lessness -- Evolutionary experimentation revisited.

Bones and Cartilage provides the most in-depth review ever assembled on the topic. It examines the function, development and evolution of bone and cartilage as tissues, organs and skeletal systems. It describes how bone and cartilage is developed in embryos and are maintained in adults, how bone reappears when we break a leg, or even regenerates when a newt grows a new limb, or a lizard a tail. This book also looks at the molecules and cells that make bones and cartilages and how they differ in various parts of the body and across species. It answers such questions as Is bone always bone? Do bones that develop indirectly by replacing other tissues, such as marrow, tendons or ligaments, differ from one another? Is fish bone the same as human bone? Can sharks even make bone? and many more. * Complete coverage of every aspect of bone and cartilage * Full of interesting and unusual facts * The only book available that integrates development and evolution of the skeleton * Treats all levels from molecular to clinical, embryos to evolution * Written in a lively, accessible style * Extensively illustrated and referenced * Integrates analysis of differentiation, growth and patterning * Covers all the vertebrates as well as invertebrate cartilages * Identifies the stem cells in embryos and adults that can make skeletal tissues.

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