Energy and the Wealth of Nations [electronic resource] : Understanding the Biophysical Economy / by Charles A. S. Hall, Kent A. Klitgaard.Material type: TextLanguage: English Publisher: New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer, 2012Edition: 1Description: XIV, 407p. 104 illus., 66 illus. in color. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781441993984Subject(s): Engineering | Geography | Engineering economy | Sustainable development | Environmental economics | Engineering | Energy Economics | Sustainable Development | Environmental Economics | Energy Policy, Economics and Management | Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models | Economic GeographyAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 333.79 LOC classification: HD9502-9502.5Online resources: Click here to access online
Part I. Energy and the Origins of Wealth -- Chapter 1. Poverty, Wealth, and Human Ambition -- Chapter 2. Energy and Wealth Production: An historical perspective -- Chapter 3. The Petroleum Revolution I: The first half of the age of oil -- Part II. Energy, Economics and the Structure of Society -- Chapter 4. Explaining Economics from an Energy Perspective -- Chapter 5. The Limits of Conventional Economics -- Chapter 6. The Petroleum Revolution II: Concentrated Power and Concentrated Industries -- Chapter 7. The Postwar Economic Order, Growth and the Hydrocarbon Economy -- Chapter 8. Globalization and Efficiency -- Chapter 9. Are there Limits to Growth? Examining the Evidence -- Part III. Energy and Economics—the Basics -- Chapter 10. What is Energy and How is it Related to Wealth Production? -- Chapter 11. The Basic Science Needed to Understand the Relation of Energy to Economics -- Chapter 12. The Required Quantitative Skills -- Chapter 13. Economics as Science: Social or Biophysical? -- Part IV. The Science Behind How Economies Work -- Chapter 14. Energy Return on Investment -- Chapter 15. Peak Oil, EROI, Investments and Our Financial Future -- Chapter 16. The Role of Economic Models for Good and Evil -- Chapter 17. How to do Biophysical Economics -- Part V. Understanding How Real World Economies Work -- Chapter 18. Peak Oil, the Great Recession and the Quest for Sustainability -- Chapter 19. Environmental Considerations: Beyond Externalities -- Chapter 20. Living the Good Life in a Lower EROI World.
For the past 150 years, economics has been treated as a social science in which economies are modeled as a circular flow of income between producers and consumers. In this “perpetual motion” of interactions between firms that produce and households that consume, little or no accounting is given of the flow of energy and materials from the environment and back again. In the standard economic model, energy and matter are completely recycled in these transactions, and economic activity is seemingly exempt from the Second Law of Thermodynamics. As we enter the second half of the age of oil, and as energy supplies and the environmental impacts of energy production and consumption become major issues on the world stage, this exemption appears illusory at best. In Energy and the Wealth of Nations, concepts such as energy return on investment (EROI) provide powerful insights into the real balance sheets that drive our “petroleum economy.” Hall and Klitgaard explore the relation between energy and the wealth explosion of the 20th century, the failure of markets to recognize or efficiently allocate diminishing resources, the economic consequences of peak oil, the EROI for finding and exploiting new oil fields, and whether alternative energy technologies such as wind and solar power meet the minimum EROI requirements needed to run our society as we know it. This book is an essential read for all scientists and economists who have recognized the urgent need for a more scientific, unified approach to economics in an energy-constrained world, and serves as an ideal teaching text for the growing number of courses, such as the authors’ own, on the role of energy in society. Integrates energy and economics Uses predictive tools and measures, such as EROI, to show how the economy is embedded in a biophysical world subject to scientific rules and constraints Provides a fresh approach to economics for those wondering “What’s next?“ after the Great Recession and the recent increases in oil prices Assesses energy sources from the perspective of peak oil, the role of alternatives, and potential impacts such as climate change